To The Daily Sun,

Gary Manson's letter on climate change ended with, "It's been pretty much an old fashioned winter". That isn't even close to the truth. The winter of 2019 was the wettest U..S winter on record. See (https://www.usatoday.com/story/news/nation/2019/03/06/winter-weather-usa-slogged-through-wettest-winter-ever-recorded/3083767002/).

Last week, NOAA issued widespread flood warnings due to the unusually wet winter, spring storms, and possible nightmare flooding scenarios. See article,"'Unprecedented' Spring Flood Season to Put 200 Million People in the U.S. at Risk, NOAA Warns", at (http://time.com/5556563/unprecedented-flooding-spring-outlook-noaa/).

Mr. Manson also tried, "Carbon promotes photosynthesis and lets plants thrive but Al Gore sits and makes millions of dollars by saying carbon is bad." Mr. Manson is unaware that excessive atmospheric carbon causes plants to produce less essential nutrients like iron, magnesium, and zinc, as the added stimulus goes to the growth of indigestible cellulose and carbohydrates, simple and complex. That means bigger plants with fewer nutrients. Empty calories. One has to eat more unnecessary carbohydrates to get basic nutrition. That means more obesity, too.

Field tests around the world have found this to be true. It is a threat to global nutrition. See (https://www.forbes.com/sites/fionamcmillan/2018/05/27/rising-co2-is-reducing-the-nutritional-value-of-our-food/#6dcd75a85133). Two billion people on Earth are at risk for iron, zinc, and other nutrient deficiencies. The CDC has stated that, "Deficiencies in micronutrients such as iron, iodine, vitamin A, folate, and zinc can have devastating consequences. At least half of children worldwide ages six months to five years suffer from one or more micronutrient deficiency, and globally more than two billion people are affected." Increasing levels of atmospheric Carbon will only exacerbate these problems.

I also want to share some things about volcanoes. Carbon from volcanoes is very minimal at the levels we are accustomed to in this present period, compared to anthropogenic CO2. Less than 1 percent. In volcanic eruptions, carbon's heat-trapping qualities are temporarily nullified by the sulphate particulates and other sun blocking compounds and then cause temporary atmospheric cooling. They then fall back on us, causing acid rain and significant health problems. To be sure, the anti-science crowd also fought legislation for emissions scrubbers at coal plants and for banning fluorocarbons which damage the protective envelope of the atmosphere. The good news is that about 50 coal plants have closed in the last two years. As Fortune magazine put it, "More coal-fired power plants closed during Trump’s first two years in office than during Barack Obama’s entire first term, according to Reuters." Simply put, coal can't compete with natural gas, nukes, or renewables. Another newsworthy fact is that each year since 2015, more electric capacity comes online in the U.S. from renewables than from fossil fuels. Winning!

Scientific American Magazine stated, "According to the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), the world's volcanoes, both on land and undersea, generate about 200 million tons of carbon dioxide (CO2) annually, while our automotive and industrial activities cause some 24 billion tons of CO2 emissions every year worldwide." That is eight-tenths of one-percent of the carbon humans put into the atmosphere. Eight-tenths! In other words, volcanic activity would have to increase 120-fold to match humanity's carbon output.

For those who want to understand actual climate science, junk climate science, right-wing conspiracy theories, and the psychology of climate denial, you can take this free online course named MAKING SENSE OF CLIMATE CHANGE DENIAL from Australia National University at (https://www.edx.org/course/making-sense-of-climate-science-denial-2). You will learn about the amazing research regarding the past, present, and future. You'll learn about the various climate feedback loops that affect us and could run amok. You will enjoy dozens of video lectures and interviews with climatologists, quizzes, tests and other challenges to your scientific knowledge.

James Veverka

Tilton

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(11) comments

JWV

Well over 200 coal plants have been shut down since 2010. And the beat goes on. www.eiu.com/industry/article/1277120111/us-coal-plant-retirements-to-continue/2018-09-07

Alan Moon

The bad news is that China is starting up a brand new coal fired electric generator every week. What else have you got wrong lately V?

JWV

You missed my points completely. Coal is dying. Period. Regardless of what China and India do. In fact, renewables have run coal out of town in Germany and northern Europe. What is important is that we do the right thing. Some of us have both brains and a conscience. It is only a matter of time before renewables make up the majority of the electricity output in the world. Don't be short-sighted, Alan. It will happen. Not as soon as I would like, but it will happen. You know this. Every generation throws away some old tech for the new. That is irrefutable fact. Presently, 63% of electricity is powered by fossil fuels in the US. And Natural Gas, a cheaper and cleaner fuel, is running coal out of town right here in the USA. Coal is dying. (Celebratory noise!) It was much higher in decades past. 20% is now powered by Nukes and 17% by renewables. There was a time not long ago that wind and solar were not even on the map. That trend will never be reversed. It is just a matter of time when wind and solar produce more energy than fossil fuels. In fact, In 2016, in Iowa, over 20 billion kWh of electrical energy was generated by wind power, representing 36.6% of in-state electricity production. In South Dakota, it was 28%. Wind power in Texas consists of many wind farms with a total installed capacity of 22,637 MW from over 40 different projects. Texas is the leader in for-profit renewable energy output. Do you see what is happening yet?

Alan Moon

Well good for us V ! We definitely are reducing our own emissions, that's not the point. The rest of the developing world don't care about what we do. It will be a very long time before China and India curtail their own. Recently saw a list of the 50 most polluted countries in the world and guess what? The USA was not on it, not even close. You remind me of that classical character Don Quixote, 'tilting at windmills'.

QGolden

Actually for all the current dependency on coal, even China aims to raise the share of non-fossil fuels to 20 percent of total primary energy by 2020. Their push to coal is to fill a short term need while they out-develop most of the rest of the world in renewables.

JWV

I thought my first post failed :-)

Spellchecker67

😂

JWV

A good article that shows how every state makes electricity. Good graphs, too. Europe and the USA are world leaders in this so it is no surprise that we are leading the way. It was not this way 50 years ago. But what you didn't address was my refutation of Manson's claim about atmospheric carbon it volcano gases. The photosynthesis aspect of my letter was a very important fact; excessive CO2 diminishes the nutritional value of crops. And that volcanic activity accounts for.less than 1% of atmospheric Carbon. Are we agreed? The part about coal plants was an aside, not the main story. Btw, look up Sunny Day flooding. Here is the electricity article https://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2018/12/24/climate/how-electricity-generation-changed-in-your-state.html

JWV

Yes, we are leaders like Europe in renewables and cleaning up. Alan, the coal news was an aside to the main points made in the letter. The research and evidence contrary to Manson's junkscience claim is that excessive atmospheric Carbon causes plants to produce less of very important micronutrients. So that means it is important not to let atmospheric Carbon run away on us. And it was not an ordinary Winter as Manson claimed. The price tag will be horrendous this year. The other main point was that humans produce 120 times the atmospheric Carbon that volcanoes do. The coal info was an aside to my main points which nobody can refute. You chose the aside and ignored my main points which make it clear that Manson's claims were rubbish. You can't refute my main points. But here is a site that shows how each state makes electricity. Graphs show how Coal is disappearing in the USA. America first means we do what we can for the health of our citizens no matter what anyone else does. Presently, according to a nationally representative survey from Yale University and George Mason University, 69 percent of Americans are “somewhat worried” about climate change and 29 percent are “very worried.” These are the highest values since the surveys began in 2008. So, your side has lost the actual debate and eventually, the climate science deniers will garner nationally the reputation of the antivaxxers, Flat Earthers and Young-Earth creationists. https://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2018/12/24/climate/how-electricity-generation-changed-in-your-state.html

Alan Moon

And when I was a kid the snow would be up to my chest, but now it only gets up to my knees. We burned a heck of a lot more coal and leaded gasoline back then.When you add up all the cow farts and termite mounds we have to deal with nowadays we're all going to be dead by the year 2100! We had all better make our peace with the Flying Spaghetti God before it's too late.

Spellchecker67

Great letter 👍🏻

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