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More CO2 equals happy trees? Not so fast; it's not that simple

To The Daily Sun,

Recently there was a letter to The Daily Sun in which the author expounded, "I remember my grade school and high school earth science: carbon dioxide plus sunlight causing photosynthesis equals oxygen." What is interesting is that the statement is blatantly incorrect, and indicates a dearth of memory. Carbon dioxide and sunlight do not cause photosynthesis. Carbon dioxide plus sunlight would "abet," gulp, global warming. Simply put, the equation for photosynthesis is: carbon dioxide plus water plus solar energy (in the presence of enzymes) produce glucose and oxygen. This equation would stand up to science debunkers.

Additionally, the author further exclaimed, "More carbon dioxide equals happy trees." Hmm. Limiting factors. Photosynthetic efficiency is optimal between 10 and 20 degrees Celsius and declines at a temperature over 30 degrees Celsius due to decreased enzyme activity. With (gulp) global warming, the enzymes could be rendered inactive (denatured) at a temperature above 40 degrees Celsius. That's also why a fever in humans is detrimental.

Likewise, the enzymes can only process up to a "limited" maximal amount of carbon dioxide. Too much would make for unhappy trees. Think of the Nathan's hot dog eating competition — only so many.

In summary, a discussion of carbon dioxide and photosynthesis is not simply throwing two things together as a "link in the chain of life."

Frank Weeks

Gilmanton Iron Works

  • Category: Letters
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2nd Amendment should be repealed & replaced with defining words

To The Daily Sun,

The Republican Party is in control of the Congress. The GOP has long touted its steadfast support for our military — including the National Guard (the state militias) — to provide for the common defense of our nation.

The GOP adores veterans, (especially at election time, you can feel the love — yet not so much when it comes to appropriating authorized funds for the VA, however). Republicans are staunch defenders of the Constitution, looking to preserve the "original intent" of the framers — our Founding Fathers. And, last, but not least, Republicans are the party of the NRA. The GOP will protect the Second Amendment from erosion by Democratic Party lawmakers who seek to erode our individual right to bear arms, of just about any kind and any number of weapons we choose to own. As long as the GOP controls Congress, there won't be any legislation to degrade our rights under the militia clause of the Constitution, the much revered Second Amendment.

Fair enough.

But, how about if the Republican Congress did more than just protect the militia clause of the United States Constitution from being watered down or degraded by liberal Democrats? Instead of doing nothing, except nothing, to save the Second Amendment from liberal assaults on the framers' intended purpose (that America have a strong, well trained and equipped militia), what if the right wing finally decided to do something more, by using its majority in Congress to bolster the Second Amendment, incorporate modern-day practicalities, and strengthen proactively the militia and the right of citizens to bear arms to ensure our nation's defense?

In other words, maybe it's time, after 225 years, that Congress step up to the plate and hit a home run not only for for gun rights, but also the nation's defense, in keeping with the framers' intent.

Congress, while they have the votes, should commence immediately the process to "repeal and replace" the Second Amendment, with something that would make Washington, Jefferson, Adams, and our Minutemen patriots proud, while at the same time, refining — by defining — an individual's obligation to participate in the defense of our country, and not just their own persons or curtilage. It is the militia clause, after all. If the effort is bipartisan, all the better. The revised amendment will be all the more powerful, because of the unanimity of congressional support.

Why now? Because the Second Amendment was based on the right to keep and bear arms in English common law, heavily influenced by the English Bill of Rights. The U.S. Constitution doesn't establish our right to bear arms, rather, it is our natural right of self-defense, and our civic duty to act in concert in defense of the state, and in resistance to oppression. I can't think of anything more oppressive, more inimical to individual liberty, than what happened in Orlando yesterday. We owe it to those who were lost to spur Congress to action, and I write this, thinking of them:

Edward Sotomayor Jr., 34 years old.
Stanley Almodovar III, 23 years old.
Luis Omar Ocasio-Capo, 20 years old.
Juan Ramon Guerrero, 22 years old.
Eric Ivan Ortiz-Rivera, 36 years old.
Peter O. Gonzalez-Cruz, 22 years ol.d
Luis S. Vielma, 22 years old.
Kimberly Morris, 37 years old.
Eddie Jamoldroy Justice, 30 years old.
Darryl Roman Burt II, 29 years old.
Deonka Deidra Drayton, 32 years old.
Alejandro Barrios Martinez, 21 years old.
Anthony Luis Laureanodisla, 25 years old.
Jean Carlos Mendez Perez, 35 years old.
Franky Jimmy Dejesus Velazquez, 50 years old.
Amanda Alvear, 25 years old.
Martin Benitez Torres, 33 years old.
Luis Daniel Wilson-Leon, 37 years old.
Mercedez Marisol Flores, 26 years old.
Xavier Emmanuel Serrano Rosado, 35 years old.
Gilberto Ramon Silva Menendez, 25 years old.
Simon Adrian Carrillo Fernandez, 31 years old.
Oscar A Aracena-Montero, 26 years old.
Enrique L. Rios, Jr., 25 years old.
Miguel Angel Honorato, 30 years old.
Javier Jorge-Reyes, 40 years old.
Joel Rayon Paniagua, 32 years old.
Jason Benjamin Josaphat, 19 years old.
Cory James Connell, 21 years old.
Juan P. Rivera Velazquez, 37 years old.
Luis Daniel Conde, 39 years old.
Shane Evan Tomlinson, 33 years old.
Juan Chevez-Martinez, 25 years old.

Bruce Van Derven
Bristol

  • Category: Letters
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