To The Daily Sun,
Steve Earle claims that back in 1970, U.N.scientists were claiming a new ice age was coming. Nope. Back in the 1970s, a very small minority of climatologists were predicting cooling. Both Time and Newsweek ran covers that were not based on the scientific consensus. This graph (https://skepticalscience.com/images/1970s_papers.gif) will show you how many climate papers were submitted for peer review. From 1965 to 1979, 42 papers predicted warming and seven predicting cooling. To have a look at how the fake news of cooling evolved, read this Physics Today article. http://physicstoday.scitation.org/do/10.1063/PT.5.8199/full/. Wrong again, Steve.
From 1870 to 1990 sea levels rose eight inches and from 1993 to 2016 they rose 3.5 inches. The National Ocean service states at http://oceanservice.noaa.gov/facts/sealevel.html, "With continued ocean and atmospheric warming, sea levels will likely rise for many centuries at rates higher than that of the current century. In the United States, almost 40 percent of the population lives in relatively high-population-density coastal areas, where sea level plays a role in flooding, shoreline erosion, and hazards from storms. Globally, eight of the world's 10 largest cities are near a coast, according to the U.N. Atlas of the Oceans." Wrong again, Steve.
And nobody ever claimed, "Americans living in the Midwest would become "Climate Refugees" do to rising seas flooding that part of the country" shortly after 2005. Regarding climate refugees, you might read "Dhaka: the city where climate refugees are already a reality." (https://www.theguardian.com/cities/2015/dec/01/dhaka-city-climate-refugees-reality). Or the Guardian article (https://www.theguardian.com/environment/2016/dec/01/climate-change-trigger-unimaginable-refugee-crisis-senior-military) where senior military leaders say "the impacts of climate change were already factors in the conflicts driving a current crisis of migration into Europe, having been linked to the Arab Spring, the war in Syria and the Boko Haram terrorist insurgency. Military leaders have long warned that global warming could multiply and accelerate security threats around the world by provoking conflicts and migration. They are now warning that immediate action is required." Wrong again, Steve.
Steve Earle is wrong about forest fires, too. The Union of Concerned Scientists states, "Wildfires in the western United States has been increasing in frequency and duration since the mid-1980s, occurring nearly four times more often, burning more than six times the land area, and lasting almost five times as long (comparisons are between 1970-1986 and 1986-2003)."
On extinctions; wrong again. Scientists have "reviewed data from fossil records and noted when species disappeared, then used statistical modeling to fill in holes in the record. That analysis revealed that before humans evolved, less than a single species per million went extinct annually." Using the same statistical approach the data "revealed a rate of 100 to 1,000 species lost per million per year, mostly due to human-caused habitat destruction and climate change". Wrong again, Steve.
Another consideration is the ongoing acidification of oceans due to too much CO2. Coral Reefs are home to up to 9 million species and Coral are getting sick due to acidification.
And it's quite possible that we can reach the point of no return on stopping climate change feedback if science deniers win. An example of climate change feedback is anthropogenic CO2 increasing water vapor concentrations which then causes more warming. Another example of a feedback is atmospheric CO2 causing the permafrost to melt. Permafrost contains hundreds of gigatons equivalent of carbon dioxide in Methane (CH4). Methane is up to 30 times as heat trapping and half of it is in the top 10 feet of the permafrost.
Wrong again, Steve.
- Category: Letters
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