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Mr. Earle is wrong on so many climate fronts; let me ID a few

To The Daily Sun,

Steve Earle claims that back in 1970, U.N.scientists were claiming a new ice age was coming. Nope. Back in the 1970s, a very small minority of climatologists were predicting cooling. Both Time and Newsweek ran covers that were not based on the scientific consensus. This graph (https://skepticalscience.com/images/1970s_papers.gif) will show you how many climate papers were submitted for peer review. From 1965 to 1979, 42 papers predicted warming and seven predicting cooling. To have a look at how the fake news of cooling evolved, read this Physics Today article. http://physicstoday.scitation.org/do/10.1063/PT.5.8199/full/. Wrong again, Steve.

From 1870 to 1990 sea levels rose eight inches and from 1993 to 2016 they rose 3.5 inches. The National Ocean service states at http://oceanservice.noaa.gov/facts/sealevel.html, "With continued ocean and atmospheric warming, sea levels will likely rise for many centuries at rates higher than that of the current century. In the United States, almost 40 percent of the population lives in relatively high-population-density coastal areas, where sea level plays a role in flooding, shoreline erosion, and hazards from storms. Globally, eight of the world's 10 largest cities are near a coast, according to the U.N. Atlas of the Oceans." Wrong again, Steve.

And nobody ever claimed, "Americans living in the Midwest would become "Climate Refugees" do to rising seas flooding that part of the country" shortly after 2005. Regarding climate refugees, you might read "Dhaka: the city where climate refugees are already a reality." (https://www.theguardian.com/cities/2015/dec/01/dhaka-city-climate-refugees-reality). Or the Guardian article (https://www.theguardian.com/environment/2016/dec/01/climate-change-trigger-unimaginable-refugee-crisis-senior-military) where senior military leaders say "the impacts of climate change were already factors in the conflicts driving a current crisis of migration into Europe, having been linked to the Arab Spring, the war in Syria and the Boko Haram terrorist insurgency. Military leaders have long warned that global warming could multiply and accelerate security threats around the world by provoking conflicts and migration. They are now warning that immediate action is required." Wrong again, Steve.

Steve Earle is wrong about forest fires, too. The Union of Concerned Scientists states, "Wildfires in the western United States has been increasing in frequency and duration since the mid-1980s, occurring nearly four times more often, burning more than six times the land area, and lasting almost five times as long (comparisons are between 1970-1986 and 1986-2003)."

On extinctions; wrong again. Scientists have "reviewed data from fossil records and noted when species disappeared, then used statistical modeling to fill in holes in the record. That analysis revealed that before humans evolved, less than a single species per million went extinct annually." Using the same statistical approach the data "revealed a rate of 100 to 1,000 species lost per million per year, mostly due to human-caused habitat destruction and climate change". Wrong again, Steve.

Another consideration is the ongoing acidification of oceans due to too much CO2. Coral Reefs are home to up to 9 million species and Coral are getting sick due to acidification.

And it's quite possible that we can reach the point of no return on stopping climate change feedback if science deniers win. An example of climate change feedback is anthropogenic CO2 increasing water vapor concentrations which then causes more warming. Another example of a feedback is atmospheric CO2 causing the permafrost to melt. Permafrost contains hundreds of gigatons equivalent of carbon dioxide in Methane (CH4). Methane is up to 30 times as heat trapping and half of it is in the top 10 feet of the permafrost.

Wrong again, Steve.

James Veverka
Tilton

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Don't watch 'Blue Gold' right before you need to get some sleep

To The Daily Sun,

In a letter I wrote a few days ago, I mentioned the trend toward privatization of water sources. The question has to be asked: How has the for-profit water business worked out? In the previous letter I mentioned the Ogallala aquifer has been use and abused and is a very sick patient that has no doctor to cure it. For those who care to read further about it I recommend, "Ogallala Blue," by William Ashworth. He contends that wheat, corn and cattle feed farming coupled with ethanol production using water pumped from the aquifer to irrigate those crops is the for profit operation that is killing the Ogallala. Understandably, Bill is not popular in the Great Plains because nobody out there wants to hear about the cure.

Another example of a colossal misuse of an aquifer is what happened in Saudi Arabia. The Saudis, more famous for their oil, went after the huge Arabian aquifer in the late sixties. Suddenly, after they drilled deep wells, the desert bloomed. The production of grain for export became a reality. Many of the wells were over 2000 feet deep. Alas, Saudi Arabia now produces very little grain and many of the oases are drying up. The aquifer is almost dry.

Those are but two examples of aquifer abuse. Many more examples exist. For those of us who are reluctant readers, I recommend a DVD based on a book. It's called "Blue Gold." Try to watch it early enough in the evening so you can have time to calm down before trying to sleep. It's not a horror flick, but got my sense of fear going I'm here to tell you! "Blue Gold" is a narrative about the coming world water wars. The subtitle of the book was "The Fight to Stop the Corporate Theft of the
World's Water."

Both the DVD and the book by Maude Barlow and Tony Clark try to document how the parties vying for control of our dwindling fresh water supply are getting control despite protest and lawsuits.

Withdrawal laws that govern the removal of water vary from state to state in the U.S. The same can be said for the major countries of the world. Because of this hodge-podge of water right laws, the big players are grabbing land or water rights in an effort to control the supply. The third-world countries will suffer the most because they have little or no infrastructure to handle water. Their efforts to feed their populations with sustainable agricultural programs requires help and guidance from the developed countries of the world. The giant corporations are stepping in with the help using public funds to finance private systems. Those systems are for profit, of course.
Unfortunately, under-financed and poorly operated agricultural efforts produce crops that don't meet the dietary needs of the citizens.

The NASA Jet Propulsion Lab is using satellites in the process of studying thirty-seven of the world's largest aquifers. Their objective is two-fold: 1. To evaluate their future viability and 2. To come up with a plan to sustain the food production on the surface as well as bringing a balance between the amounts taken and the recharge. Both objectives are possible but hard to achieve without cooperation.

Unfortunately, politics and privatization are working against sustainability. Those with profit motives and political attitudes are
ignoring those who are warning about a future in which an increase population and a decrease in food production will create a crisis of epic proportions. The collision of need with a lack of production capability is already a fact in many African and Asian countries.
Starvation is not something that most citizens of the developed world are used to seeing but the news media is giving us the real story. Dehydration or the lack of water goes along with the lack of food. Those making decisions about water need a view both to give them a better perspective on what the needs are.

Bill Dawson
Northfield

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