Froma Harrop - The troubled young terrorist next door

The details about Mohammad Abdulazeez, the University of Tennessee at Chattanooga grad accused of murdering four Marines and a sailor, dripped out in the familiar pattern. The first thing to come out of the shocking news is the name of the alleged attacker. Then there is speculation about what sick ideology may have inspired the horrendous act. And there are pictures of the comfy suburban nest the killer came from alongside interviews with baffled neighbors.

Finally comes the inside story bearing the inevitable headline, "Family Troubles Before Killings in Chattanooga." Abdulazeez's mother had tried to divorce the father in 2009, accusing him of abusing her and the children and planning to take a second wife, which he held would have been allowable under Islamic law. The parents reconciled, but that's a lot of craziness.

As for Mohammad, he was facing a court date for drunken driving and illegal drug use and had been fired from a job at a nuclear plant. A family spokesman said the 24-year-old had been fighting depression, pointing to mental illness as a possible cause.

It takes an extremely twisted personality — twisted for whatever combination of reasons — to shoot unarmed strangers, which the Marines and sailor were. So the terrorist needs a larger cause to hide behind.

It appears that Abdulazeez chose radical Islam as a cover for his personal disintegration — though investigators do not yet know whether organized Mideast terrorist groups got to him during a visit to Jordan.

Look at the back stories of other young men who committed or are accused of committing acts of terrorism in this country. The similarities are hard to ignore.

Consider Dylann Roof, the 21-year-old charged with massacring worshippers at a black church in Charleston, South Carolina. His parents had gone through multiple divorces, and he had reportedly attended at least seven schools.

The kid was obviously unbalanced. He had previously dressed in black and asked creepy questions of workers at a mall. Police found drugs on him, and he was ordered to stay away from the shopping center. Quite the mess, Roof found grandiosity among the fumes of white supremacist ideology.

Adam Lanza was the 20-year-old who shot up an elementary school in Newtown, Connecticut, murdering 26, mostly children. He was mentally ill, beyond a doubt. But even more craziness reigned behind his freshly painted suburban front door. Lanza's mother was a gun nut who left weapons and ammunition lying around the house. He hadn't seen his father in two years.

Neighbors saw Lanza as "a little weird" but not homicidal, according to a New Yorker article. But psychiatrists observed a deeply disturbed individual, his feelings of worthlessness alternating with flashes of self-importance.

And although Lanza didn't seem glued to a particular ideology, the article did not hesitate to label him a terrorist: "Adam Lanza was a terrorist for an unknowable cause," it said.

About half of mass murderers kill themselves at the end. As a Harvard psychiatrist noted, they want to "end life early surrounded by an (aura) of apocalyptic destruction."

As such, Andreas Lubitz, the 27-year-old Germanwings co-pilot who crashed a planeload of passengers into a mountainside, could be called a terrorist, as well.

The question remains about what mix of toxic thinking and brain chemicals would motivate these people, all men in their 20s, to kill masses of unarmed innocents. And with that, we must wonder how much a role teachers of cracked belief systems play in causing such atrocities.

Do they create terrorists out of normal people, or do they provide the match that ignites walking tinderboxes of inner chaos? No easy answers are forthcoming.

(A member of the Providence Journal editorial board, Froma Harrop writes a nationally syndicated column from that city. She has written for such diverse publications as The New York Times, Harper's Bazaar and Institutional Investor.)

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DuBois — The Three Ponds Trail and beyond

The sign on the Kiosk at the trailhead reads, "Welcome to the quieter corner of the White Mountains. The Three Ponds Trail and the surrounding area offers, beauty, challenge and varied recreational opportunities." This yellow blazed trail serves as a gateway to other trails that lead to Carr Mountain (3,440), Mt Kineo (3313), the Hubbard Brook Trail and the Hubbard Brook Experimental Forest. The trail is accessed from Stinson Lake Road in the town of Rumney, 6.9 miles from Rt. 25 and 1.8 miles from the Stinson Lake General Store. The trail mostly follows old logging roads and recently constructed snow mobile trails.

On a lovely, warm and sunny day my wife Nancy decided to join me and Reuben (our dog) on a short 2.3 mile hike to the Three Ponds Shelter which sits above the largest of the three ponds the trail is named for. I have hiked this trail and the other connecting trails many times in the past and have always appreciated the solitude of the experience in a "quieter corner of the White Mountains."

We decided to only hike to Middle Pond and the shelter. However, for those who would like an easy 5 mi. day hike you can take the Three Ponds Trail, returning to the parking lot via the Donkey Hill Cut-Off and Mt. Kineo Trail. This mostly level loop will take you past scenic ponds, wetlands and an impressive waterfall.
If you are interested in a longer multiday hike of 20 miles take the Three Ponds Trail to the Hubbard Brook Trail returning to the parking lot via the Mt. Kineo Trail. Primitive campsites are available along the trail.

As we began our hike up a moderate grade I was reminded that this section of the trail as well as other sections were obliterated by Hurricane Irene in 2011. The US Forest Service had done a remarkable job in reconstructing the trail. I also reflected on the fact that Forest Service does a remarkable job in trail construction and maintenance, given their limited resources. It seems that over the course of several years Congress continues to cut funding for this agency, yet they are able manage The White Mountain National Forest for a variety of interests and needs.

At .1 mi. the Mt. Kineo Trail diverges to the right and at .5 mi. the Carr Mountain Trail cuts to the left. The Carr Mountain Trail leads to a side path gaining the summit of Carr Mt. at 2.9 mi. At the summit can be found the remains of an old fire tower. Sweeping views of the Baker River Valley can also be taken in by perching oneself on several rock outcrops. This trail continues north for 3 mi., ending at the NH Fish Hatchery in Warren.

Continuing along the Three Ponds Trails we encountered 2 inactive beaver ponds, and watched a flock of birds fluttering around the dead trees in the beaver bog. The world around us was full of life, yet we stood in the stillness and solitude that the trail offered that day. The trail meanders along the right side of Sucker Brook and further along the trail crosses the brook and runs along the left side of the trail. The brook is crystal clear with many deep holes for wading or swimming, which Reuben enjoyed doing several times. I also remarked to Nancy that the gentle sound of the brook is mesmerizing as we walked along in silence. Thanks to the local and state snow mobile organizations bridges provided safe and dry crossings for all streams. After a gradual climb of about 2 miles we began our descent to the largest of the three ponds, which are a string of beautiful mountain ponds surrounded by a number of mountains and ridges. At 2.3 on the south end of Middle Pond a side trail leads up to a six person shelter. While we sat on the shore and had our snack we noticed a canoe at the far end of the pond. It was probably a couple folks staying at the shelter and brought their canoe with them. While we were resting and enjoying the view we met our first fellow hikers, a family from Norwich, Connecticut enjoying the day as we were.

After our break we headed back down the trail to the parking lot. It was a leisurely walk mostly downhill to our waiting car. As we headed back down Stinson Lake Road toward Rumney, we considered stopping for coffee at the Common Tavern, but thought better of it as we needed to get home so we could finish daily chores. This half day adventure was a welcome respite from the tasks we encounter daily. We are so fortunate to live in the mountains of the Lakes Region.

Gordon has hiked extensively in Northern New England and the Adirondack Mountains of New York State. In 2011 he completed the Appalachian Trail (2,285 miles). He has also hiked the Long Trail in Vt., The International AT in Quebec, Canada, Cohos Trail in northern N.H. and the John Muir Trail in Calif. Gordon has summited the New Hampshire Hundred Highest peaks, and the New England Hundred Highest, 98 of these in winter. He spends much of his time hiking locally and in the White Mountains with his dog Reuben and especially enjoys hiking in the Lakes Region due to the proximity to his home in New Hampton. He is also a trail maintainer for the BRATTS (Belknap Range Trail Tenders) and can be found often exploring the many hiking trails in the area.

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Roche — Lakes Region Pofiles - A restaurant we can be proud of

They say operating a restaurant is one of the most difficult passions in life. Now try operating six of them and you've created a formula for being busy! Scott Ouellette wouldn't have it any other way and based on the accolades, awards and reviews on various websites, he has achieved tremendous success.

Scott, your first restaurant was Canoe Restaurant & Tavern in Center Harbor... How old were you and how did it start?

"I was 38 in 2004, a good friend of mine, Carla Peterson from Hector's Restaurant, owned this property at the time and I said 'if you ever get sick of this place let me know'. The fun began after that...There were canoes hanging from the ceiling, so that's where I got the name, 'Canoe'. The building had 186 seats and I loved the location overlooking Lake Winnipesaukee and the cozy, comfortable feeling of the building."

...and before that?


"I grew up in Bedford and Merrimack, N.H., working in the restaurant industry under various chefs. I then operated my first restaurant, Sea Garden in Rockport, Mass. I also had an interest in finance over the years, having worked for Transamerica for five years doing their financing transactions throughout New England and New York."


Which restaurant came next?


"O's Steak & Seafood. A great opportunity was presented to me at the Lake Opechee Inn and Spa. I loved the location, the physical structure, the fact it was right on the water and had a fabulous inn already in place. I took a chance, it was a total startup and the owners were fantastic to work with. It was a complete rehab and a really interesting structure to work with. We ended up with 192 seats including outdoor seating overlooking the lake. "

What happened to The North End Restaurant in Moultonborough?


"We opened it as an 80-seat restaurant on Route 25 in Moultonborough. Seasonal help was tough and we decided to turn the operation into a full time catering and banquet facility. We've handled catering events as far away as Nantucket and have traveled off to Keene, North Conway, the Seacoast, Nashua as well as the Lakes Region. We have 12 servers and 4 full time chefs in the catering operation."

Off to a new market in Concord...


"Michael Simchik who developed Capital Commons approached me at O's in Laconia. We discussed the possibility of opening a new restaurant at his complex. I was sold on the idea when I visited the building. It had Red River Theaters and the Performing Arts Center. It was a new building with a great parking lot and huge government and year round local business. It was the perfect place to duplicate the O's experience. That's just what we did. It was approximately 5,600 square feet with 180 seats. I could already see similarities at O's, mimicking the ambience and upscale décor we have in Laconia."


Back to your roots in Bedford


"Having grown up in Bedford, I knew the surroundings and marketplace. So when a former chain steakhouse became available at 216 South River Road, I jumped at the opportunity to convert it into a new restaurant and combine the Canoe and O's concept. We changed the whole look and feel of the building and ended up with 176 seats and opened as "Canoe" in March 2015. We found that many of our customers had heard of us from Canoe in Center Harbor, where they owned second homes; they felt like they were on vacation again. The location was perfect and has many local businesses drawing customers from all over."


I just stopped by O's Bistro at The Inn in Main in Wolfeboro...another one!

"The owners of the inn approached me about catering at their large barn out back. I was hesitant about opening in such a seasonal area again but I've always loved Wolfeboro. We were able to strike an agreement to take over the entire food services and open a smaller venue of 90 seats plus we have 200 seats within the barn for lots of catering events. We combined O's and Canoe's atmosphere again and it's been great in the winter and summer. We have a wonderful local following there."

How do you keep everything under control?

"I have a great partner and director of operations, Andy Juhasz. He is involved in both catering and the restaurants for Magic Foods Restaurant Group. It's tough, that's for sure. Some days I'll see every restaurant and then others I'll only visit a few. The key to the business is finding good help and surrounding you with excellent people. The most difficult part of the business is always finding help; I currently have 220 employees, which includes 24 chefs/managers."

How stressful is the industry?


"When you think about it, we might serve 1,500-2,000 customers per day between the five restaurants and catering operations, that's a lot of different personalities and a lot of different tastes to satisfy. Add 220 employees with their own personalities and you can see the complexity of what's involved. Everyone has a bad day every now and then and it's our goal to make sure we provide the very best food possible and always the best service."

What do you like most about the Lakes Region?


"I'm so fortunate to be able to live and work where everyone vacations. It seems so many people find their way back to the Lakes Region after experiencing other parts of the country. There are many 2nd home owners and retired couples that flock to our beautiful lakes. During the winter months my wife Lynn and I love snowmobiling up north and we enjoy boating three or four times in the summer, if we're lucky."

So there you are... another risk taker and creative chef that took a chance and financial risk putting in the long hours to fulfill his dream. No doubt New Hampshire has welcomed this all around good guy and great entrepreneur to the Granite State.
Please feel free to visit to learn more about the Lakes Region and its real estate market. Frank Roche is president of Roche Realty Group in Meredith & Laconia, N.H. and can be reached at (603) 279-7046.

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Susan Estrich - The failure of the insanity defense

Was James Holmes — convicted on Thursday of the 2012 massacre at the Aurora movie theatre — nuts?

Of course he was nuts. Does a sane person go into a movie theatre and just start shooting — not for a war or cause — for no reason at all? I mean, if he's not "insane," who is? Whether he should be held criminally responsible is an entirely different matter.

The insanity defense was one of the hottest, most debated issues in the law for decades, liberalized in many courts, notably D.C's, in a movement to provide treatment and not punishment to the mentally ill. After John Hinckley, who had been charged with shooting President Reagan, successfully used the insanity defense, it came up against a counter-reform movement.

In the reform days, the question was supposed to be simplified to asking the jury whether the conduct was the product of a mental disease or defect, with courts consulting experts to make these determinations.

Which led, of course, to dueling experts (the defense called four in the Aurora case). The simple test was actually not so simple. What does it mean to be the "product" of mental disease? Does it mean that if James Holmes weren't psychotic, he wouldn't have done this? As to whether the guy suffers from a disease or defect, can there really be any disagreement?

But that can't be enough; honestly, it never could be. If you've ever hung around the criminal courts for any period, you'll run into a lot of people who just aren't right in some rather significant way. And I'll admit that my first instinct upon encountering such a person, particularly if he happens to be in shackles, is not to hope that enough attention is given to his tragic upbringing or fragile psyche or even those brain lesions we might someday see or the genetic marker for violence that might someday be identified — my instinct is to hope that he gets what's due him and to sit far away in the courtroom. Real far away.
So in practice, because conditions in state mental hospitals in many places compare poorly with all but the worst jails, and since fronting a successful defense requires money for experts, which is something most of these guys in shackles don't have, the insanity defense doesn't get used very much. And the way the instructions to the jury are written now, "sanity" — by the way, "insanity" and "sanity" are not medical diagnoses, just legal constructions — requires only that you know the difference between right and wrong. Holmes' secrecy and preparation before the attacks would satisfy that criterion. Almost anything would be enough to satisfy that criterion.

Was anyone really holding her breath about what the verdict would be? Not exactly an O.J. moment. You go to the movies on a Friday night in suburbia, or your kids do, and you do not expect — and our society cannot tolerate — fear and the threat of violence. We don't want to live that way, and whether it deters one person or not, this guy is certainly not going to "get away with it" in the state hospital.

So why keep that legal defense on the books? Some people say we shouldn't. It persists, I think, not because it offers a real "out" but precisely because it doesn't. Even at the height of reform, there was a fair amount of evidence that the exact words of the instructions actually didn't matter very much to jurors.

But the fact that we recognize such a defense speaks to how our system, as an essential element of its fairness, punishes people not for bad luck but for bad choices — even if those bad choices are conditioned by the usual list of deprivations, or the more scientifically phrased ones tossed out by the paid experts. Most people with all those same deprivations manage to control themselves, and, if they can't, it is precisely such people who society must control. The insanity defense is, as one of my old colleagues (who taught a course on law and psychiatry) used to call it, "A pimple on the nose of the law."

(Susan Estrich is a professor of Law and Political Science at the University of Southern California Law Center. A best-selling author, lawyer and politician, as well as a teacher, she first gained national prominence as national campaign manager for Dukakis for President in 1988.)

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Susan Estrich - Trusting Wendy

I don't know enough about a lot of things to know if the deal with Iran is good enough, to know whether Iran will keep to it, to know whether it endangers Israel, to know just about anything except that I can tell when people on TV are working off the same sets of talking points.

In campaigns, we always say that you can't predict all the crises a new administration will face, so you have to look at the character of the individual or individuals who will be making the life and death decisions in the future — based on information you and I won't have. I may not know much about Iran, but I know Wendy Sherman, and I don't know too many people as extraordinary as she is.

Back in the 80s; before she spent decades at State with Warren Christopher and later as Madeleine Albright's counselor; before she was dealing with North Korea and taking heat for it; back when she was she was a top Senate aide, a feminist mover and shaker around town, Wendy, among her many campaign jobs, ran the soft money in the '88 campaign.

You have to be a real oldster in this post-Citizens United world to remember how tricky it used to be to siphon unrestricted donations into a publicly funded (and expenditure-limited) campaign. Every four years, the top election lawyers on both sides would devise new ways to turn the campaign finance rules into Swiss cheese, and the popular route in those days involved party-organized "Victory Committees", running money through certain state parties and various other little tricks that actually seemed fairly aggressive at the time even if they look positively tame now. On the other side, you had everybody and his brother and sister-in-law coming to you for money, everybody you owed or would someday owe in politics telling you that the only way to avoid a landslide in (fill in one of many blanks) was to get some money from the Victory Fund into particular races.

Sometimes they were wrong and sometimes they were right and every interaction was a negotiation that would be held up and compared (and complained about) by almost every recipient — one of those critically important jobs that is almost entirely thankless, where no one will remember when you're right but boy will they be quick to blame you when you're wrong.

So you need someone who is obviously smart and has excellent judgment and can deal with any kind of pressure, including rude and overbearing men (yes, we had some, just a few, in those days); someone who keeps her cool when, with apologies, all the men around her are losing it and blaming it on her.

Someone like Wendy, if there were someone else quite like Wendy.

There's one more skill Wendy needed in those days, one that has served her well since. She was constantly making decisions on the fly, figuring out how far we could or couldn't go. I was the lawyer. She was the moral compass.

Wendy Sherman has as much plain old-fashioned integrity as anyone I have met. Her commitment to public service, not just public service but service to the United States of America, is not something she crows about. It's just who she is.

Her critics will be all over the Iran deal; I'm seeing the same quotes and criticisms everywhere, so the talking points have clearly been prepared. She was not the negotiator of the Clinton 1994 "freeze agreement" but it was her job to sell the plan and she did, and she doesn't back away from it. Says Wendy: "During the Clinton administration, not one ounce of plutonium was added to the North Korean stockpile." She also insists, rightly, it seems to me, that Iran and North Korea present vastly different challenges.

I met some amazing people in politics who went on to do some pretty amazing things. Wendy stands out, and not just for her wonderful white hair. She is exceptionally devoted to our country and possesses a strong sense of honor. Given the need to trust someone in debates like these, I can think of no one more deserving.

(Susan Estrich is a professor of Law and Political Science at the University of Southern California Law Center. A best-selling author, lawyer and politician, as well as a teacher, she first gained national prominence as national campaign manager for Dukakis for President in 1988.)

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